What is Physical Therapy?
Physical Therapists (PT) provide services that help restore function, improve mobility, relieve pain, and prevent or limit permanent physical disabilities of patients with injuries or disease.
Is your child developing normally?
A main focus of physical therapy is gross motor skills, involving the larger muscles in arms, legs, and torso. Activities include walking, running, throwing, lifting, kicking, etc. These skills also relate to body awareness, reaction speed, balance and strength. The rate at which children grow and acquire these skills vary, however, there are general ages for when children should reach these milestones. Please refer to the chart below to compare your child’s development with the general expected age.
Gross Motor Skills: Birth to 5 Years
|3-4 Months||· Can raise head when pulled to sitting postion|
|4 months||· Rolls from back to side|
|5 months||· Rolls from back to front|
|6 months||· Can raise chest and upper part of abdomen (when on stomach)|
|7 months||· Can bear weight on one hand while exploring with the other hand (when on stomach)|
|6-7 months||· Sits alone|
|8-10 months||· Crawls|
|10-11 months||· Cruises around furniture|
|9-12 months||· Reaches actively for toy (when in sitting position)|
|11-12 months||· Pulls to a standing position|
|15 months||· Walks alone well
· Squats and stands back up
· Walks up and down steps holding hand
|18 months||· Can run, though falls easily|
|2 years||· Walks and runs fairly well
· Can jump with both feet
· Can climb stairs without support
· Can kick a ball
|3 years||· Can balance on one foot for a few seconds
· Can broad jump 10-24 inches
· Can catch a large ball
|By 4 years||· Can run, jump, climb well, is beginning to skip
· Hops proficiently on one foot
· Catches a ball reliably
· Can ride a tricycle
· Begins somersaults
|By 5 years||· Can skip on alternate feet and jump rope
· Beginning to skate and swim
· Climbing well
Do you have any concerns?
If you are concerned with your child’s gross motor or physical development, it would be beneficial for a PT to conduct an evaluation on your child.
When conducting an evaluation, the therapist will get information from you that will be valuable in determining the level of function your child is currently demonstrating. It will also help to create a plan to best address improving your child’s gross motor skills and physical development. You can schedule an evaluation by calling the Children’s Developmental Center at 440-984-2416.
“Gross Motor Skills: Birth to 5 years.” Children’s Hospital of Richmond. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July
“Physical Therapist.” Explore Health Careers. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016.